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Care and Handling of Arrangement
Certain varieties of cut flowers last longer than others. Carnations, for example, can remain vibrant for long periods. Roses have a shorter vase life, but are prized for their special and delicate beauty. When buying flowers, be sure to ask your florist how long you should expect your arrangement to last. Whatever variety you choose, a little TLC will go a long way to keep your blooms looking fresh longer. Here are a few handy tips that can help add days to their beauty!

  • Keep them in a cool spot (65-72 degrees Fahrenheit), away from direct sunlight, heating or cooling vents and direct drafts from ceiling fans.
  • Arrangements should not be placed on electrical appliances such as televisions and stereos to avoid dehydration.
  • Water should be added to baskets and containers daily.
  • Vase water should be added to daily and changed every other day with stems being re-cut to increase longevity.
  • If water becomes cloudy, replace it entirely. Recut the stems by removing one to two inches. Remove leaves that will be below the waterline.
  • If you received loose flowers, always recut the stems and place in clean water with flower food. Remove any leaves that would fall below the water line.

Flower Encyclopedia

Browse by common name:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
allium Allium (drumstick) April-September Purple Loose cluster of star -shaped flowers form a 2" round head on a 20" stem unity, good fortune and prosperity; thought to ward off evil spirits; strength
alstroemeria Alstroemeria year round white, lavender, purple, pink, magenta, red, burgundy, peach, orange, yellow and bicolor clusters of 4-6 delicate, trumpet-like flowers, each 1 1/2 - 2" across on leafy stems 24-36" long. Most varieties are marked with freckles or streaks of a contrasting color on the innermost petal. devotion; aspiring; wealth; prosperity; fortune
anemone Anemone December-May white, blue, purple, red,  and bicolor cup-shaped single flowers on thick hollow stems. Papery petals open flat to highlight black and white centers expectation or abandonment; forsaken; fragile; fading hope; refusal; sickness
acacia Acacia Jan- March yellow round fuzzy pea sized blooms in grape-like clusters and grayish-green leaves that are finely divided concealed love; beauty in retirement
agapanthus Agapanthus March-August white, blue, lavender Globe-shaped 3-4" clusters of small, trumpet-shaped florets on 18-24" stems. secret love; to be well-contented with; love letters
asiatic lily Asiatic Lily year round white, pink, magenta,  burgundy, peach, orange, yellow cluster of 3-5 trumpet shaped flowers, each 4-6" across when they are fully open purity; majesty, wealth, innocence, orange: I burn for you

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B Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
bells of ireland Bells of Ireland year round green numerous shell-like green calyxes (bells) surround small fragrant blooms and are clustered along the stem. Stems grow toward the light. good luck
billy balls Billy Balls (craspedia) year round (limited in march and august) Yellow Yellow, textured blossoms form a tight round ball atop a slender leafless stem good health
bird of paradise Bird of Paradise year round orange flowers fan out from a boat shaped sheath at the tip of the stalk and have orange pointed outer petals 3-4" long and deep blue inner petals. Thick stems are 2-4' long magnificence, freedom, good perspective
bornia heather Boronia Heather Feb. and March magenta small, cup-shaped blossoms clustered on stems with soft needle like leaves silence, hush
bouvardia Bouvardia year round (limited in Jan and Dec) white, pink , magenta, red small sunburst shaped florets form a loose cluster enthusiasm
bupleurum Bupleurum year round green clusters of greenish yellow flowers on short laterals with cup like leaves on a branching stem esteem
button pomp Button Pomp year round white, purple, yellow, green 3-7 small composite flowers 1-2" across on branching stems hope, cheerfulness, rest, optimism, truth, November birth flower, yellow: secret admiration and slighted love

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C

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
canterbury bells Canterbury Bells April-October white lavender, purple and pink cup or bell shaped flowers gratitude, aspiration
carnation Carnation year round white, lavender, purple, pink, magenta, red, burgundy, peach, orange, green, yellow and bicolor fragrant, ruffled or smooth edged petals bloom on a 15-30" stem fascination, distinction, divine love, fidelity, love, yes, birth flower for January, pink: a woman's or mothers love, I'll never forget you, gratitude, emblem of mother's day, striped: refusal, sorry I can't be with you, no
caspia Caspia year round blue, lavender clusters of small star shaped flowers on multi branching stems formality
cattleya orchid Cattleya Orchid year round white 3-8" love, refinement, symbol for many children, ecstasy, promotes strength, rare beauty
cockscomb Cockscomb April- October pink, magenta, red, burgundy, orange, yellow and green brightly colored clusters of tiny flowers resemble a roosters comb affection, singularity, foppery, silliness
cosmos Cosmos June- October chocolate and shades of purple small daisy like blossoms with a textured center on thin leafless stems decadence, modesty, associated with 2nd wedding anniversary
curry willow Curly Willow year round brown long twisting leafless branches bravery, humanity
cymbidium orchid Cymbidium Orchid year round white, pink, magenta,  burgundy,   yellow, green, lavender 10-12 flowers, 3-4" across, grow clustered along stems. Also sold as individual blooms love, refinement, symbol for many children, ecstasy, promotes strength, rare beauty

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D

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
dahlia Dahlia June- October white lavender, purple and pink, magenta, red, burgundy, peach orange yellow, bicolor flower shape and size depend on variety treachery, elegance, dignity, instability, good taste, forever thine, associated with 14th wedding anniversary
delphinium Delphinium year round blue, white spike shaped cluster of disc shaped flowers big hearted fun, airy, come down, symbol of dolphin, swiftness and light, boldness

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E

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
equistetum Equisetum year round green strait stems of hollow banded sections symbol of music, easily taught; broken reed: dissension; unbroken reed: union
eucalyptus Eucalyptus year round green rounded leaves on erect, branching stems complete cover
seeded euchalyptus Seeded Eucalyptus year round green oval leaves appear alternately on draping, branching stems, seeded clusters form at the top of the stems complete cover
silver dollar eucalyptus Silver Dollar Eucalyptus year round green round leaves appear on draping branching stems complete cover

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F

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
football mum Football Mum (Standard) year round white, purple, yellow, bronze single flower with abundant tubular petals hope, cheerfulness, optimism, rest truth birth flower for November
foxtail Fox Tail year round green needle like leaflets on multiple side shoots forming a stiff dense plume sporty
freesia Freesia year round white lavender purple pink magenta red orange yellow bicolor thin stems bear one sided spikes of about 4 fragrant flowers innocence, spirited, careful and calm love, thoughtfulness

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G

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
gardenia Gardenia year round white fragrant white multi petaled flower secret love, joy, you are lovely, good luck gift for a man, feminine grace, artistry, subtlety, sweet love, refinement
gerber daisy Gerbera Daisy year round white pink magenta red burgundy peach orange yellow bicolor daisy like flower on leafless stem pretty and strong, enduring purity
godetia Gladiola year round white pink magenta red burgundy peach orange yellow bicolor florets form on a spiky stem. Flower forms can be plain, ruffled, fringed, rosebud-like or tulip- shaped strength of character; sincerity, natural grace, ready or armed, remembrance infatuation, splendid beauty, give me a break, admiration, tells the recipient they " pierce the heart like a sword", birth flower for August
goetia Godetia Jan - June red, pink, magenta, cluster of bicolor papery flowers atop a foliage-covered stem sincerity, forgetfulness, honesty, am I forgotten?
gypsophila Gypsophila (babies breath) year round white hundreds of flowers clustered on multi-branched stems festivity, innocence, pure of heart, happy

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H

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
heather Heather Sept., October, February and March magenta clusters of flowers among needle-like foliage on a spiked stem solitude, good luck
hydrangia Hydrangea year round white blue lavender pink, green flat, papery flowers approximately 1" across are borne in terminal heads 4-8" wide perseverance, frigidity, heartlessness, boastfulness, vanity, thank you for understanding
hypericum berrries Hypericum Berries year round pink red burgundy peach green brown Clusters of berries on short lateral branches Animosity

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I

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
iris Iris year round white, blue, lavender, purple, yellow flower heads consist of three outer petals and three inner petals inspiration, a message for thee, faith, wisdom and valor, hope, good luck gift to a man, emblem to warrior, dedicated to the goddess of the rainbow, your friendship means so much to me, my compliments, associated with the 25th wedding anniversary. Blue- faith, hope
ivy Ivy year round green, variegated leaves spaced along cascading stems enjoyment, wedded love, friendship, fidelity and affection, marriage

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K

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
kangaroo paw Kangaroo Paw year round red, burgundy, yellow, brown velvety, tubular flowers resemble the forearm of a kangaroo. unequal
king protea King Protea year round white pink feather like petals on hard woody stem with large succulent leaves smelling nice, don't despair

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L

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
larkspur Larkspur January - October white, lavender, purple, pink numerous flowers closely packed on stems ardent attachment, levity, lightness, beautiful spirit, open heart, birth flower for July
leptospermum Leptospermum December- May white, pink , magenta, red double flowers clustered along long branches, short needle like leaves cover stems slender seed, rough and spreading
leucodendron Leucodendron year round red, yellow and green leaves are 3-4" on 16-24" stems. Flower heads are 4-5" across smelling nice, don't despair
liatris Liatris year round lavender dense spikes of tiny florets on long stems no known or recorded meaning
lilly of the valley Lily of the Valley year round white bell shaped flowers on tops of stems sweetness, a return of happiness, purity of heart, you made my life complete, protects from evil sprits, birth flower for May
lisianthus Lisianthus year round white, lavender, purple, pink Cup shaped blooms on 18-48" stems calming, faithfulness

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M

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
ming fern Ming Fern year round green tufts of fine soft needle like foliage on thorny woody stems. restoration
mini calla lily Mini Calla Lily year round white, lavender, purple, pink, orange, yellow, green flowers are borne with a spadix at the end of the stem, colored spathes are 2" long magnificent beauty, regal, associated with the 6th wedding anniversary
montbretia Montbretia June- Sept. red and orange small trumpet shaped flowers grow on a multi branching spike with long narrow leaves, pods are commercially available without flowers February - April cheerful
monte casino Monte Casino year round white blue purple and lavender tiny daisy like flowers borne in clusters at the end of stalks afterthought, daintiness, star, birth flower of September
matsumoto aster Matsumoto Aster April - September white lavender, purple, pink, magenta, red daisy like flowers on long laterals are approximately 3 per stem (plus 2 buds) watchful eye, beginning, contentment and love, I will think of it, love of variety, afterthought, birth flower for September

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N

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
nerine lily Nerine Lily year round pink six to twelve crown like blossoms clustered on stems you cannot deceive me, sea nymph/ daughter of the sea

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O

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning


oriental lily

Oriental Lily year round white large star shaped flowers on stems, 1-6 flowers per stem purity, majesty, wealth, pride, innocence. White-sweetness, modesty, virginity, it's heavenly to be with you

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P

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning


peony

Peony March-June white, pink, magenta flowers up to 8" across, flower forms are single or double healing, bashfulness, happy life, gay life, happy marriage, anger, indignation, good health, prosperity, associated with the 12th anniversary
pepper berry Pepper berry July- Dec. pink, green, red round berries on thin pendulous stems atop a hardwood branching stem with thin mimosa like leaves warmth
phalaenopsis orchid Phalaenopsis Orchid year round white sold as individual blooms love, refinement, symbol for many children, ecstasy, promotes strength, rare beauty
pin cushion protea Pin Cushion Protea year round red orange yellow globe like flower 3-4" across with pin shaped petals smelling nice, don't despair
plumosus Plumosus year round green triangular fronds with very fine flat lacy foliage sensitive
pompon Pompon year round white, lavender, purple, pink, red, orange, yellow bronze gold bicolor 3-7 small flowers with oblong petals surrounding a button like center on branching stems hope cheerfulness, rest optimism, truth birth flower for November, innocence

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R

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
rose Rose year round white lavender, purple pink magenta red burgundy peach orange yellow green a single 1-2" bud opens to a 3-5" flower on a 15-36" stem Red: love, passion, respect, courage, I love you; Pink: grace friendship, joy, gratitude; Dark Pink: thankfulness;   Green: envy yellow: jealousy, friendship, true love;  Purple: worthy of royalty;  Orange: creativity fascination;  White: purity, innocence, truth

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S

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
scabuisa Scabiosa year round white blue lavender round flowers with overlapping papery petals that surround a large daisy like center unfortunate love, widowhood
snap dragon Snap Dragon February - November white lavender, purple pink magenta red burgundy peach orange yellow florets are clustered along a spiky stem, stems grow towards the light deception, presumption, lets be impetuous, gracious lady, no.
soldaigo Solidaigo year round yellow closely packed clusters of flowers on a feathery horizontally spreading spray atop branching stems precaution, encouragement, good fortune
sprengeri Sprengeri year round green needle like leaflets on multiple side shoots densely covered 12-24" stems courage, overcome obstacles
star of bethlehem Star of Bethlehem year round white a spike cluster of star shaped flowers on a stem purity, reconciliation, atonement
statice Statice year round white, lavender, purple, pink, peach bracts of clustered florets on branching laterals atop long stems formality, success, sympathy, remembrance, lasting beauty
stephanotis Stephanotis year round white star shaped blossoms with a waxy appearance and a tubular base happiness in marriage, desire to travel, good luck
stock Stock year round, limited in Oct. and Nov. white, lavender, purple, pink, peach, yellow clusters of florets forma cluster spike lasting love, lasting beauty, said to have grown in paradise, bonds of affection, promptness, you'll always be beautiful to me
sun flower Sunflower year round yellow single long petaled daisy like flowers available in single double and teddy bear varieties haughtiness, power, adoration, devotion, you are splendid, homage
sweet pea Sweet Pea March- July white, lavender, purple, pink and magenta papery butterfly shaped petals with a frilled appearance shyness, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time, remember me, birth flower for April, associated with the 30th wedding anniversary
sweet william Sweet William April- July white, purple, pink, magenta, red densely packed clusters of tiny florets gallantry, grant me one smile, smile, bravery, finesse, perfection

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T

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
trachelium Trachelium April - October white purple flower heads up to 6" across are comprised of clusters of tiny florets neglected beauty
tree fern Tree Fern year round green tree shaped feather like sprig no known meaning
tulip Tulip Nov.-May white, lavender, purple, pink, magenta, red, peach, orange, yellow, green bi color petals on stem with long green leaves.  Tulips naturally open and grow toward a light source fame, perfect lover

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V

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
veronica Veronica Jan- Sept. white, blue, lavender arching spikes are composed of packed tiny star- shaped flowers fidelity

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Y

Common Name Typical Availability Colors Characteristics Common Meaning
yarrow Yarrow April - Sept. yellow clusters of tiny yellow florets form a round, almost flat flower head war, guardian

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